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I would be most grateful to receive additions, corrections and URLs of
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The full bibliography
is also available in compressed
Further GC-related material can be found on
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Last updated 11 January 2017.
[tadm78] M. Tadman.
Fast-fit: A new hierarchical dynamic storage allocation technique.
Master's thesis, University of California, Irvine, 1978.
[take90] Tomohiro Takeda.
A garbage collecting method for object-oriented concurrent languages.
In Jul and Juul [OOPSLA90-gc], 1990.
[tane88] Andrew S. Tanenbaum.
Prentice-Hall, second edition, 1988.
[tang08] Yan Tang, Qi Gao, and Feng Qin.
LeakSurvivor: Towards safely tolerating memory leaks for
In USENIX Annual Technical Conference, pages 307-320, 2008.
[tang12] Daniel Tang, Ales Plsek, and Jan Vitek.
Memory safety for safety critical java.
In Distributed, Embedded and Real-time Java Systems, chapter 10,
pages 235-264. Springer, 2012.
[tara92] Paul Tarau.
Ecological memory management in a continuation passing Prolog engine.
In Bekkers and Cohen [IWMM92], 1992, pages 344-356.
[tara11] Paul Tarau.
Integrated symbol table, engine and heap memory management in multi-engine
In Boehm and Bacon [ISMM11], 2011, pages 129-138.
[tard93] David Tarditi and Amer Diwan.
The full cost of a generational copying garbage collection
In Moss et al. [OOPSLA93-gc], 1993.
[tard94] David Tarditi and Amer Diwan.
Measuring the cost of storage management.
Technical Report CMU-CS-94-201, Carnegie Mellon University, 1994.
Accepted for publication in Lisp and Symbolic Computation.
[tard96] David Tarditi and Amer Diwan.
Measuring the cost of storage management.
Lisp and Symbolic Computation, 9(4), 1996.
[tard00] David Tarditi.
Compact garbage collection tables.
In Chambers and Hosking [ISMM2000], 2000, pages 50-58.
[tarj72] R. Tarjan.
Depth-first search and linear graph algorithms.
SIAM Journal of Computing, 1(2), 1992.
[taur97] Kenjiro Taura and Akinori Yonezawa.
An effective garbage collection strategy for parallel programming languages
on large scale distributed-memory machines.
In PPOPP 1997 [PPoPP97], 1997, pages 264-275.
[taur97a] Kenjiro Taura and Akinori Yonezawa.
Efficient and Reusable Implementation of Fine-Grain Multithreading and
Garbage Collection on Distributed-Memory Parallel Computers.
PhD thesis, University of Tokyo, 1997.
[tay13] Y.C. Tay, Xuanran Zong, and Xi He.
An equation-based heap sizing rule.
Performance Evaluation, 70(11):948-964, 2013.
[tayl86] George S. Taylor, Paul N. Hilfinger, James R. Larus, David A. Patterson, and
Benjamin G. Zorn.
Evaluation of the SPUR Lisp architecture.
In 13th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture, June
[tayl89] S. Taylor.
Parallel Logic Programming Techniques.
[tel87] Gerard Tel, Richard B. Tan, and Jan van Leeuwen.
The derivation of on-the-fly garbage collection algorithms from distributed
termination detection protocols.
Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 247:445-455, 1987.
[tel88] Gerard Tel, Richard B. Tan, and Jan van Leeuwen.
The derivation of graph marking algorithms from distributed termination
Science Of Computer Programming, 10(2):107-137, 1988.
[tel91] Gerard Tel and Friedmann Mattern.
The derivation of distributed termination detection algorithms from garbage
In Aarts et al. [PARLE91], 1991, pages 137-149.
[tel93] Gerard Tel and Friedmann Mattern.
The derivation of distributed termination detection algorithms from garbage
ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, 15(1), January
[tel91a] Gerard Tel.
Topics in Distributed Algorithms, volume 1 of Cambridge
international series on parallel computation.
Cambridge University Press, New York, 1991.
[tel94] Gerard Tel.
Introduction to Distributed Algorithms.
Cambridge University Press, 1994.
[temp91] Josef Templ.
Garbage collection on open arrays.
In Cuno Pfister, Beat Heeb, and Josef Templ, editors, Oberon Technical
Notes, pages 51-57. ETH Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule
Zürich, March 1991.
ETHZ Technical Report 156.
[tene11] Gil Tene, Balaji Iyengar, and Michael Wolf.
C4: The continuously concurrent compacting collector.
In Boehm and Bacon [ISMM11], 2011, pages 79-88.
[tera78] Motoaki Terashima and Eiichi Goto.
Genetic order and compactifying garbage collectors.
Information Processing Letters, 7(1):27-32, January 1978.
[tera04] T. Terauchi and Alex Aiken.
Memory management with use-counted regions.
Technical report, University of California, Berkeley, March 2004.
[tere14] David Terei, Alex Aiken, and Jan Vitek.
M³: High-performance memory management from off-the-shelf components.
In Guyer and Grove [ISMM14], 2014, pages 2-13.
[terei15] David Terei and Amit Levy.
Blade: A data center garbage collector.
http://arxiv.org/pdf/1504.02578v1.pdf, April 2015.
[terr88] Douglas B. Terry and Daniel C. Swinehart.
Managing stored voice in the etherphone system.
ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, 6(1):3-27, February 1988.
[thac87] Charles P. Thacker and Lawrence C. Stewart.
Firefly: A multiprocessor workstation.
In ASPLOS 1987 [ASPLOS87], 1987, pages 164-172.
Also DEC SRC Research report 23, December 1987.
[thaz87] M. J. Thazhuthaveetil and A. R. Pleszkun.
On the structural locality of reference in Lisp list access streams.
Information Processing Letters, 26(2):105-110, 1987.
[thes77] Arne Thesen and Tad Pinkerton.
Predicting the availability of contiguous memory.
International Journal of Computer and Information Sciences, 6(4),
[thie92] Dominique Thiebaut, Joel L. Wolf, and Harold S. Stone.
Synthetic traces for trace-driven simulation of cache memories.
IEEE Transactions on Computers, 41(4):388-410, April 1992.
[thie89] Dominique Thiebaut.
The fractal dimension of computer programs and its application to the
prediction of the cache miss ratio.
IEEE Transactions on Computers, pages 1012-1026, July 1989.
[thom98] S. P. Thomas, W. T. Charnell, S. Darnell, B. A. A. Dias, P. J. Guthrie, J. P.
Kramskoy, J. J. Sexton, M. J. Wynn, K. Rautenbach, and W. Plummer.
Low-contention grey object sets for concurrent, marking garbage
United States Patent 6925637, 1998.
[thom13] J. R. Thomas, M. Cantu, and A. Bauer.
Reference counting and object harvesting in Delphi.
Dr. Dobb's Journal, May 2013.
[thom94] Stephen P. Thomas and Richard E. Jones.
Garbage collection for shared environment closure reducers.
Technical Report 31-94, University of Kent and University of Nottingham,
[thom81] R. E. Thomas.
A dataflow computer with improved asymptotic performance.
Technical Report MIT/LCS/TR-265, MIT Laboratory for Computer Science, 1981.
[thom93] Stephen P. Thomas.
The Pragmatics of Closure Reduction.
PhD thesis, The Computing Laboratory, University of Kent at Canterbury, October
[thom95a] Stephen P. Thomas.
Garbage collection in shared-environment closure reducers: Space-efficient
depth first copying using a tailored approach.
Information Processing Letters, 56(1):1-7, October 1995.
[thom95] Stephen P. Thomas.
Having your cake and eating it: Recursive depth-first copying garbage
collection with no extra stack.
Personal communication, May 1995.
[thom96] Clark D. Thomborson.
When virtual memory isn't enough.
Technical Report 136, University of Auckland, November 1996.
[thom88] Simon J. Thompson and Rafael D. Lins.
Cyclic reference counting: A correction to Brownbridge's algorithm.
Unpublished notes, 1988.
[thom87] James G. Thompson.
Efficient Analysis of Caching Systems.
PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley, October 1987.
Also technical report UCB/CSD 87/374.
[thor72] Lars-Erik Thorelli.
BIT, 12(4):555-568, 1972.
[thor76] Lars-Erik Thorelli.
A fast compactifying garbage collector.
BIT, 16(4):426-441, 1976.
[tick88] E. Tick.
Memory performance of Prolog Architectures.
[tiki05] Mustafa M. Tikir and Jeffery K. Hollingsworth.
NUMA-aware Java heaps for server applications.
In 19th IEEE International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium
(IPDPS), page 108.2, Denver, CO, 2005. IEEE Computer Society Press.
[ting75] D. W. Ting.
Some results of the space requirements of dynamic memory allocation
Technical Report 75-229, Cornell University, February 1975.
[bail75] Norman T.J.Bailey.
The Mathematical Theory of Infectious Diseases and its Applications.
Griffin, 2nd edition, 1975.
[TLDI03] Zhong Shao and Peter Lee, editors.
ACM SIGPLAN International Workshop on Types in Language Design and
Implementation, ACM SIGPLAN Notices 38(3), New Orleans, LA, January
2003. ACM Press.
[toft97a] Mads Tofte, Lars Birkedal, Martin Elsman, Niels Hallenberg, Tommy Højfeld Olesen, Peter Sestoft, and Peter Bertelsen.
Programming with Regions in the ML Kit.
Technical Report DIKU-TR-97/12, Department of Computer Science (DIKU),
University of Copenhagen, April 1997.
[toft01] Mads Tofte, Lars Birkedal, Martin Elsman, Niels Hallenberg, Tommy Højfeld Olesen, and Peter Sestoft.
Programming with Regions in the ML Kit, version 4.
Technical report, IT University of Copenhagen, October 2001.
[toft04] Mads Tofte, Lars Birkedal, Martin Elsman, and Niels Hallenberg.
A retrospective on region-based memory management.
Higher-Order and Symbolic Computation, 17(3):245-265, September
[toft98a] Mads Tofte and Lars Birkedal.
A region inference algorithm.
ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems,
20(4):734-767, July 1998.
[toft01a] Mads Tofte and Niels Hallenberg.
Region-based memory management in perspective.
In SPACE 2001 [SPACE01], 2001.
[toft94] Mads Tofte and Jean-Pierre Talpin.
A theory of stack allocation in polymorphically typed languages.
Technical Report Computer Science 93/15, University of Copenhagen, July 1993.
[toft94a] Mads Tofte and Jean-Pierre Talpin.
Implementation of the typed call-by-value lambda-calculus using a stack of regions.
In POPL 1994 [POPL94], 1994, pages 188-201.
[toft97] Mads Tofte and Jean-Pierre Talpin.
Region-based memory management.
Information and Computation, 132(2):109-176, February 1997.
An earlier version of this was presented at [POPL94].
[toft98] Mads Tofte.
A brief introduction to Regions.
In Peyton~Jones and Jones [ISMM98], 1998, pages 186-195.
[tolm94] Andrew Tolmach.
Tag-free garbage collection using explicit type parameters.
In PLDI 1994 [PLDI94], 1994, pages 1-11.
[tong10] Liangliang Tong and Francis C.M. Lau.
Exploiting memory usage patterns to improve garbage collections in
In PPPJ 2010 [PPPJ10], 2010.
[tong10a] Liangliang Tong and Francis C.M. Lau.
Index-compact garbage collection.
In Proceedings of the Eighth Asian Symposium on Programming Languages and
Systems (APLAS'10), number 6461 in Lecture Notes in Computer Science,
pages 271-286, Shanghai, China, 2010.
[tong13] Liangliang Tong and Francis C. M. Lau.
Skew-space garbage collection.
Science of Computer Programming, May 2013.
[tong01] Guanshan Tong and Michael J. O'Donnell.
Leveled garbage collection.
The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming, July 2001.
[tong97] Guanshan Tong.
Leveled Garbage Collection For Automatic Memory Management.
PhD thesis, University of Chicago, November 1997.
[topo79] R. Topor.
The correctness of the Schorr-Waite list marking algorithm.
Acta Informatica, 11(3), 1979.
[torp08] Noah Torp-Smith, Lars Birkedal, and John C. Reynolds.
Local reasoning about a copying garbage collector.
ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, 30(4), July
[toua88a] Hervé Touati and Toshiyuki Hama.
A light-weight Prolog garbage collector.
In International Conference on Fifth Generation Computer Systems,
pages 922-930, Tokyo, 1988.
[toua88] Hervé Touati.
A prolog garbage collector for Aquarius.
Technical Report UCB//CSD-88-443, University of California, Berkeley, August
La Récupération de Mémoire dans les Machines
PhD thesis, Université d'Aix-Marseille, 1988.
[tran08] Baltasar Trancon y Widemann.
A reference counting garbage collection algorithm for cyclical functional
In Jones and Blackburn [ISMM08], 2008, pages 71-80.
[tull93] Dean M. Tullsen and Susan J. Eggers.
Limitations of cache prefetching on a bus-based multiprocessor.
In ISCA 1993 [ISCA93], 1993, pages 278-288.
[turb08] Franklyn Turbak, David Gifford, and Mark A. Sheldon.
Garbage Collection, chapter 18.
MIT Press, 2008.
[turn79] David A. Turner.
A new implementation technique for applicative languages.
Software: Practice and Experience, 9:31-49, January 1979.
[turn81] David A. Turner.
Recursion equations as a programming language.
In John Darlington, Peter Henderson, and David Turner, editors, Functional
Programming and its Applications, pages 1-28. Cambridge University
Press, January 1981.
[turn85] David A. Turner.
Miranda - a non-strict functional language with polymorphic types.
In Jouannaud [FPCA85], 1985, pages 1-16.
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