School of Computing

The simultaneous type, serial token model of temporal attention and working memory

H. Bowman and B. Wyble

Psychological Review, 114(1):182-196, January 2007.


A detailed description of the Simultaneous Type Serial Token (STST) model is presented. STST is a model of temporal attention and working memory, which encapsulates five principles: 1) Chun and Potter's (1995) 2-stage model; 2) a stage one Salience Filter; 3) Kanwisher's Types-tokens distinction; 4) a Transient Attentional Enhancement; and 5) a mechanism for associating types with tokens called the Binding Pool. We instantiate this theoretical position in a connectionist implementation, called Neural-STST, which we illustrate by modeling temporal attention results, focused on the Attentional Blink (AB). We demonstrate that the STST model explains a spectrum of AB findings. Furthermore, we highlight a number of new temporal attention predictions arising from the STST theory, which we test in a series of behavioral experiments. Finally, we review major AB models and theories, and compare them to STST.

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Bibtex Record

author = {H. Bowman and B. Wyble},
title = {The Simultaneous Type, Serial Token Model of Temporal Attention and Working Memory},
month = {January},
year = {2007},
pages = {182-196},
keywords = {determinacy analysis, Craig interpolants},
note = {},
doi = {},
url = {},
    publication_type = {article},
    submission_id = {5651_1157995797},
    publisher = {American Psychological Association},
    journal = {Psychological Review},
    volume = {114},
    number = {1},

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