School of Computing

The temporal spotlight of attention: computatioanl and electrophysiological explorations

Srivas Chennu

PhD thesis, Computing, University of Kent, CT2 7NF, December 2009.

Abstract

Abstract The study of attention aims to understand how the visual system focuses its resources on salient targets presented amongst competing distractors. In a continuously changing environment, temporal attention must pick out targets presented in between spatially coincident distractors that are offset in time. Cognitive theories have proposed that this task is mediated by a temporal spotlight of attention. This thesis combines evidence from behaviour and electrophysiology (EEG) with theoretical insights from neural network modelling to investigate the interplay between this spotlight and conscious perception. The experiments described in this thesis investigate the electrophysiology of temporal visual perception using the Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) paradigm. Building upon behavioural research, we use EEG to investigate the influence of target discriminability, the Attentional Blink (AB) and feature integration on the temporal dynamics of visual perception. These findings characterise the influence of pre-attentional processes on attentional deployment, and the subsequent influence of this deployment on perception and behaviour. In addition, they provide the basis for a complementary computational elucidation. The theoretical component of this thesis is based on the ST2 neural network model. The notion of Transient Attentional Enhancement (TAE) embodied therein is the computational equivalent of the temporal spotlight. Its function is evaluated within the ST2 model and in relation to other modelling approaches. In addition, human ERP (Event-Related Potential) data from the experiments are compared with the models equivalent activation traces, termed Virtual ERPs. This combination of theory and experiment broadens our understanding of temporal visual perception, and in conjunction, highlights the role of neural modelling in informing EEG research. xiii

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Bibtex Record

@phdthesis{3054,
author = {Srivas Chennu},
title = {The temporal spotlight of attention: computatioanl and electrophysiological explorations},
month = {December},
year = {2009},
pages = {182-196},
keywords = {determinacy analysis, Craig interpolants},
note = {},
doi = {},
url = {http://www.cs.kent.ac.uk/pubs/2009/3054},
    publication_type = {phdthesis},
    submission_id = {27115_1288272922},
    school = {Computing},
    address = {University of Kent, CT2 7NF},
    publisher = {University of Kent},
}

School of Computing, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NF

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