Basic HTML Tags

HTML is a fairly straightforward programming language. Each tag starts with a < and ends with a >. For example the paragraph tag is <p>

There is a range of HTML tags, they help you to design your web page. There are four required tags in HTML. These are html, title, head and body. The table below shows you the opening and closing tag, a description and an example.

Required HTML Tags
Start HTML Tag End HTML Tag Description
<html> </html> These are the tags you put at the beginning and end of an HTML file.

Example of HTML tag

<head> </head> This includes information including title, meta tags, content type, links to external pages like CSS and JavaScript.
Example Example of head tag
<title> </title> This is the text that goes in the title bar or the browser window.
Example Example of title tag
<body> </body> This contains the contents of the document
Example Example of head tag

Basic HTML tags

These are the other tags that HTML commonly uses in documents. They are not required but when used are very effective in creating professional effective websites.

Open tag Close tag Description Example
<p> </p> This tag allows you to create paragraphs

My name is Fred.
I live in Medway

<h1> </h1> This is the largest heading

Heading 1

<h2> </h2> This is second biggest heading

Heading 2

<h3> </h3> This is the next heading

Heading 3

<h4> </h4> This is another heading

Heading 4

<h5> </h5> This is the second smallest heading
Heading 5
<h6> </h6> This is the smallest heading
Heading 6
<hr > n/a This is a horizontal line. You can use width and size attributes
<b> </b> This makes text bold Bold text
<i> </i> This makes text italic Italic text
<br /> n/a This tag allows you to insert line breaks abc

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